Very High Efficiency Dedicated Outside Air Systems
Dedicated outside air systems (DOAS) separate heating and cooling from the ventilation system to allow for optimal control of each of these critical building functions. Building on the DOAS concept, a very high efficiency DOAS includes heat recovery ventilation and focuses on increased equipment efficiency and optimized system design. When compared to a code-minimum system upgrade, very high efficiency DOAS can reduce commercial building energy use by an average of 36%, and HVAC energy use by an average of 65%.
For more detailed recommendations and best practices to consider when designing to very high efficiency DOAS standards, view the Comprehensive Design Guide.
- Can substantially lower energy use in commercial buildings
- Improves indoor air quality by using filtered 100% outside air
- Increases occupant comfort
- Saves roof space through system downsizing and reduced ductwork
- Meets 2017 Washington code requirements for new construction or retrofit HVAC installations, which require DOAS
How it Works
The illustration to the left demonstrates how the components of this system, installed on the roof of a commercial building, work together to maintain fresh air and consistent temperatures. The HRV pre-heats incoming supply air by recovering heat from the outgoing exhaust air in the winter. In the summer, the HRV pre-cools incoming supply air by rejecting heat to the outgoing exhaust air. This process, eliminates or significantly reduces the need for post-conditioning of the ventilation air. This system approach allows for down-sizing of the heating and cooling system and decreased run-time, resulting in a smaller heating/cooling system and which consumes less energy (lower energy cost).
Northwest Pilot Results
In partnership with local utilities and energy efficiency programs, NEEA conducted a pilot of very high efficiency DOAS conversions in eight small-to-medium commercial buildings to validate energy savings assumptions and gain a better understanding of the design and installation process. Participants of the pilot saw an average 70% reduction of their actual HVAC energy use and a 42% reduction in actual whole-building energy use. Even if these pilot buildings had started with standard code-minimum equipment prior to the conversion, modeling still shows significant average energy savings of 65% for HVAC and 36% for the entire building.
Very High Efficiency DOAS Comprehensive Design Guide
This design guide for very high efficiency DOAS is an educational and reference tool for industry stakeholders, building owners and designers in the Northwest. It is intended to expand application of the very high efficiency DOAS approach by building interest and capabilities throughout the industry.